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高一英語必修1:English around the world祈使句的直接引語變間接引語

來源:101教育網整理 2019-08-08 字體大小: 分享到:

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png課程信息:

   

高一

   

英語

   

人教實驗版

內容標題

必修1 Unit 2 English around the world Grammar

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png知識精講:

(一)觀察下列句子,試著總結、思考祈使句的直接引語變間接引語的規律。

1. “Make sure the door is shut,” she said to her little son.

She told her little son to make sure the door was shut.

2. “Don’t smoke in the room,” he said to me.

He told me not to smoke in the room.

3. Mrs. Hill said, “ please sing at our party, Mary.”

Mrs. Hill asked Mary to sing at their party.

4. He said to the girl, “Do it at once.”

He told the girl to do it at once.

總結:祈使句的直接引語變為間接引語的規律

1. 一改:主句謂語動詞 

直接引語為祈使句,變為間接引語時,謂語動詞said/said to

常改成ask, advise, tell, warn, order, request等。

2. 二變:呼語變賓語

3. 三加:動詞前加to

4. 四去:please

(二)祈使句變為間接引語后,就成了以不定式短語形式出現的賓語補足語,其結構通常為:ask/ advise/ tell/warn/order/ request sb. (not ) to do sth.

例:

He said“Be seated, please. ” He asked us to be seated.

She said to me, “Don’t smoke in the classroom.”

She told me not to smoke in the classroom.

即學即用:

Mary asked me _____ to answer that letter.

A. don’t forget          B. not forget       C. not to forget     D. not forgetting

答案C

注意:

1. 有些含有“建議”、“勸告”的祈使句,可用suggest, insist, offer等動詞轉述。

例:

He said, “Let’s have a rest. ” He suggested our having a rest.

He suggested we have a rest.

He said, “Let me help you. ” He offered to help me.

2. 直接引語是感嘆句時,變間接引語可用whathow引導,語序不變;也可用that引導,語序變為賓語從句語序。

例:

She said, “What a lovely day it is!”

She said what a lovely day it was.

She said that it was a lovely day.

(三)我們總結回顧一下直接引語變間接引語各種句型的轉換。

1. 陳述句 S—V— that 從句

2. 一般疑問句或選擇疑問句S—V— if/ whether從句

3. 特殊疑問句S—V— wh 從句

4. 祈使句S—V/ ordered/told/ asked—sb.—(not) to do

5. 感嘆句S—V— how/what /that—從句

(四)直接引語變間接引語高考熱點: 賓語從句

賓語從句三要素,引導詞、語序、時態。

1. 引導詞分為三種情況,

陳述句中的that可省略,一般問句要用ifwhether,碰到特殊疑問句時,疑問詞用來擔此任。

例:He said that Lesson 82 was important and that he should learn it well. 

他說第82課重要,他應學好它。

注意:

第一個that可以省,第二個that不能省。

2. 語序總體為陳述語序,疑問詞引導的從句作主語,語序不必去改變。

例:

He was not satisfied with what I said.  他對我說的話不滿意。

He asked me what was the trouble with my car.

他問我我的車出什么故障了。

3. 從句時態主句定,如果主句為過去,從句相應作改變,客觀真理仍現在。

例:

He said he would come if he had time.  他說有時間他會來。

The teacher told the students that water freezes when the temperature falls below zero.

老師告訴學生水在零度以下會結成冰

即學即用:

1. He asked ____ for the violin.

A. did I pay how much                       B. I paid how much

C. how much did I pay                        D. how much I paid

2. The driver said that he ____ pick ____ a passenger at west street.

A. ill, up        B. would, up        C. will, out           D. would, out

3. The teacher asked her, “Does the sun rise in the east ?”

The teacher asked her ___ the sun ____ in the east.

A. if…rise          B. if…rises          C. whether…rose   D. whether did …rise

答案:DBB

【典型例題】

1. Do you know if ______back next week ? If he ______ back , please let me know .

A. he comes , will come               B. will he come , comes 

C. he will come , comes               D. he will come , will come

2. The manager came to see _______. 

A. what was the matter                     B. what the matter was  

C. what was the wrong                     D. the matter was what

3. Did you say_____?

A. that what he said was true      

B. that it was true that he said

C. what did he say was true

D. what he said it was true


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下一篇:高一英語必修1:Travel journal

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標簽: 高一 英語 必修1 祈使句 直接引語 English around the world 間接引語 (責任編輯:)

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